news Using running to escape everyday stress may lead to addiction to exercise instead of mental health

overview: Running can help you escape the stresses of everyday life, but some recreational runners show signs of exercise addiction. Exercise dependence may be the result of maladaptive escapism, in which people restrain themselves to avoid negative experiences. This can have a negative impact on your overall health.

sauce: frontier

Recreational running has many benefits for physical and mental health, but some people can develop exercise addiction, a type of addiction to physical activity that causes health problems. I have. Shockingly, signs of exercise dependence are common among recreational runners.

A study published in Frontiers in Psychology investigated whether the concept of escapism helps us understand the relationship between running, well-being, and exercise addiction.

“Escape from reality is a daily human phenomenon, but little is known about its motivational bases, its impact on experience, and its psychological consequences,” said Norwegian Science and Technology, lead author of the paper. said Dr. Frode Stenseng of the University.

Running for exploration or avoidance?

“Escapism is often defined as ‘any activity, pastime, etc. that helps you avoid or forget about something unpleasant or boring’.” In other words, many of our daily activities can be interpreted as escapism,” Stenseng said.

“The psychological rewards of escapism are lower self-awareness, less rumination, and relief from the most pressing or stressful thoughts and emotions.”

Escapism can bring back perspective. It can also act as a distraction from issues that need to be addressed. The escapism of seeking and adapting to positive experiences is called self-expansion. On the other hand, maladaptive escapism that avoids negative experiences is called self-restraint. Effectively run as a search or evasion.

“These two types of escapism stem from two different mindsets: promoting positive moods or preventing negative moods,” says Stenseng.

Not only do escapist activities used for self-expansion have better effects, but they also have more long-term benefits. Self-restraint, by contrast, tends to suppress positive as well as negative emotions, leading to avoidance.

Self-inhibition associated with exercise dependence

The team recruited 227 recreational runners (half male, half female) and employed a variety of running methods. They were asked to complete questionnaires investigating three different aspects of escapism and exercise dependence: an escapism scale that measures preferences for self-extension or self-inhibition, an exercise dependence scale, and participants’ behavior. satisfaction with a life scale designed to measure subjective well-being.

On the other hand, maladaptive escapism that avoids negative experiences is called self-repression. Effectively run as a search or evasion.Image is in public domain

Scientists have found little overlap between runners who prefer self-expansion and those who prefer a self-inhibited mode of escapism. Self-expansion was positively correlated with well-being, whereas self-inhibition was negatively correlated with well-being.

Both self-inhibition and self-extension were associated with exercise dependence, but self-inhibition was much more strongly associated. but both affected the relationship between health status and exercise dependence.

Whether or not a person meets the criteria for exercise dependence, a preference for self-expansion is associated with a more positive sense of one’s own well-being.

Although exercise dependence inhibits exercise’s potential health benefits, it seems likely that reduced health status is both a cause and a consequence of exercise dependence.

Similarly, experiencing positive self-expansion may be a psychological motivator that promotes exercise dependence.

“More studies using longitudinal study designs are needed to further elucidate the motivational dynamics and outcomes in escapism,” said Stensen. “However, these findings may enlighten people to understand their own motivations and may be used for therapeutic reasons for individuals striving for maladaptive involvement in their activities.” I have.”

About this exercise addiction and psychology research news

author: Anharad Brewer Guillam
sauce: frontier
contact: Angharad Brewer Gillham – Frontier
image: image is public domain

See also

This shows the contours of the two heads

Original research: open access.
Run to “get lost”?The two types of escapism in recreational running and their relationship to exercise addiction and subjective well-being.” Fraud Stensen et al. the forefront of psychology


Run to “get lost”?Relationship between two types of escapism in recreational running and exercise dependence and subjective well-being

Escapism is a fundamental motivation in many forms of activity. At its core, Escapism It is “a habitual distraction of the mind as an escape from reality and the mundane”.

Therefore, escapism can involve many adaptive and maladaptive psychological antecedents, covariates, and consequences. However, very little research has been done on escapism as a motivating mindset during execution.

Here is a sample recreational runner (N. = 227), applying a two-dimensional model of escapism. self expansion (adaptive escapism) and self-restraint(maladaptive escapism), and how they are related to exercise dependence and subjective well-being.

First, confirmatory factor analysis showed that the dimension of escapism was highly variable within the sample. Correlation analysis then showed that self-expansion was positively correlated with subjective well-being and self-inhibition was negatively correlated with well-being.

Self-inhibition was more strongly associated with exercise dependence than with self-extension.

Finally, pathway analysis demonstrated an explanatory role for self-expansion and self-inhibition in the inverse relationship between exercise dependence and well-being. In conclusion, our findings support escapism as a relevant framework for understanding the relationship between exercise dependence and subjective well-being in running.

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